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Classic Moore’s Law Scaling Challenges Demand New Ways to Wire and Integrate Chips

As classic 2D scaling with EUV shrinks on-chip wiring, electrical resistance increases exponentially, creating power, performance and heat challenges. Moreover, as transistor counts continue to increase exponentially while 2D scaling slows, die sizes are increasing to the point where designers are hitting the “reticle limit” of chip designs. Fortunately, innovations in chip wiring will enable chipmakers to continue delivering improvements in performance and power—while advances in chip integration will give designers virtually unlimited transistor budgets. In short, “new ways to wire and integrate chips” will enable amazing computing experiences for everyone.